Alternative Energy
just a small collection of items found.  If you find something that requires a source credited in this list just let me know...

BioEnergy Lists: Gasifiers & Gasification

The Shipyard

ALL Power Labs: Tools for Power Hacking

VERY cool site that has how-tos on using almost ANY combustible material to make gassified wood/etc. that will run a gasoline engine!
Check out their Truck that runs on wood pellets!

ALSO from AllPower Labs:
The shipyard algal project


Convert your Honda Accord to run on trash - More DIY How To Projects

Woodgas should become a common thing for transportation and power generation, as it was 60 years ago.
It's semi-suppressed technology now, because you can drive to work on your newspaper, or any other household trash that will burn.
Look for FEMA's 95 page document that offers full instructions for building a down draught wood gas generator from items you can find around your house and junk yard - if you can still find it.....
 
http://www.woodgas.net/
 
http://ww2.whidbey.net/jameslux/woodgas.htm
 
http://www.green-trust.org/woodgas.htm
 
http://www.fluidynenz.250x.com/ausgas/ausgas.html
 
http://randomblare.com
 
http://homedistiller.org/frontpage.htm
 
Built the "Amazing" one in the download section, even created a home-made low-cost immersion heater, contact me for instructions.  It works great! 
First batch was corn whiskey, turned out very good, waiting for the rum mash to finish fermenting now.
2 gallons of basic corn whiskey cost about $10 to make, if gas prices keep going up it may be an alternative, beside it's many other uses.
 
Researching how to tap slash pine trees and make fuel.  Not much info available on this topic.
Before crude oil from the ground, early motor fuel (usually benzine) came from slash pine.
 
There's also coffee grounds as fuel!

http://caferacercrew.com/
 

Biodiesel Benz

Case study in converting a diesel auto to run on vegetable oil




Miscanthus can meet U.S. biofuels goal using less land than corn or switchgrass

7/30/08

Diana Yates, Life Sciences Editor
217-333-5802; diya@illinois.edu

View a narrated slideshow about Miscanthus research at the University of Illinois

slideshow image

CHAMPAIGN, Ill. — In the largest field trial of its kind in the United States, researchers have determined that the giant perennial grass Miscanthus x giganteus outperforms current biofuels sources – by a lot. Using Miscanthus as a feedstock for ethanol production in the U.S. could significantly reduce the acreage dedicated to biofuels while meeting government biofuels production goals, the researchers report.

The new findings, from researchers at the University of Illinois, appear this month in the journal Global Change Biology.

Stephen Long
Click photo to enlarge
Photo by Don Hamerman

Using the grass Miscanthus x giganteus as a feedstock for ethanol production would significantly reduce the amount of farmland needed for biofuels, said U. of I. crop sciences professor Stephen P. Long. 

Using corn or switchgrass to produce enough ethanol to offset 20 percent of gasoline use – a current White House goal – would take 25 percent of current U.S. cropland out of food production, the researchers report. Getting the same amount of ethanol from Miscanthus would require only 9.3 percent of current agricultural acreage. (View a narrated slideshow about Miscanthus research.)

“What we’ve found with Miscanthus is that the amount of biomass generated each year would allow us to produce about 2 1/2 times the amount of ethanol we can produce per acre of corn,” said crop sciences professor Stephen P. Long, who led the study. Long is the deputy director of the BP-sponsored Energy Biosciences Institute, a multi-year, multi-institutional initiative aimed at finding low-carbon or carbon-neutral alternatives to petroleum-based fuels. Long is an affiliate of the U. of I.’s Institute for Genomic Biology. He also is the editor of Global Change Biology.

In trials across Illinois, switchgrass, a perennial grass which, like Miscanthus, requires fewer chemical and mechanical inputs than corn, produced only about as much ethanol feedstock per acre as corn, Long said.

“It wasn’t that we didn’t know how to grow switchgrass because the yields we obtained were actually equal to the best yields that had been obtained elsewhere with switchgrass,” he said. Corn yields in Illinois are also among the best in the nation.

Click photo to enlarge
University of Illinois
In field trials in Illinois, researchers grew Miscanthus x giganteus and switchgrass in adjoining plots. Miscanthus proved to be at least twice as productive as switchgrass.

“One reason why Miscanthus yields more biomass than corn is that it produces green leaves about six weeks earlier in the growing season,” Long said. Miscanthus also stays green until late October in Illinois, while corn leaves wither at the end of August, he said.

The growing season for switchgrass is comparable to that of Miscanthus, but it is not nearly as efficient at converting sunlight to biomass as Miscanthus, Frank Dohleman, a graduate student and co-author on the study, found.

“One of the criticisms of using any biomass as a biofuel source is it has been claimed that plants are not very efficient – about 0.1 percent efficiency of conversion of sunlight into biomass,” Long said. “What we show here is on average Miscanthus is in fact about 1 percent efficient, so about 1 percent of sunlight ends up as biomass.”

“Keep in mind that when we consider our energy use, a few hours of solar energy falling on the earth are equal to all the energy that people use over a whole year, so you don’t really need that high an efficiency to be able to capture that in plant material and make use of it as a biofuel source,” he said.

Field trials also showed that Miscanthus is tolerant of poor soil quality, Long said.

“Our highest productivity is actually occurring in the south, on the poorest soils in the state,” he said. “So that also shows us that this type of crop may be very good for marginal land or land that is not even being used for crop production.”

Because Miscanthus is a perennial grass, it also accumulates much more carbon in the soil than an annual crop such as corn or soybeans, Long said.

“In the context of global change, that’s important because it means that by producing a biofuel on that land you’re taking carbon out of the atmosphere and putting it into the soil.”

Researchers at Illinois are exploring all aspects of biofuels production, from the development of feedstocks such as Miscanthus, to planting, harvest, storage, transport, conversion to biofuels and carbon sequestration.

Click photo to enlarge
Photo by Andrew Leakey
Corn, switchgrass and Miscanthus are grown side by side in experimental plots in Urbana, Ill. These fields, shown in 2006, were in their second year of growth.

Using Miscanthus in an agricultural setting has not been without its challenges, Long said. Because it is a sterile hybrid, it must be propagated by planting underground stems, called rhizomes. This was initially a laborious process, Long said, but mechanization allows the team to plant about 15 acres a day. In Europe, where Miscanthus has been grown for more than a decade, patented farm equipment can plant about 50 acres of Miscanthus rhizomes a day, he said.

Once established, Miscanthus returns annually without need for replanting. If harvested in December or January, after nutrients have returned to the soil, it requires little fertilizer.

This sterile form of Miscanthus has not been found to be invasive in Europe or the U.S., Long said.

There are at least a dozen companies building or operating plants in the U.S. to produce ethanol from lignocellulosic feedstocks, the non-edible parts of plants, and companies are propagating Miscanthus rhizomes for commercial sale, Long said.

Although research has led to improvements in productivity and growers are poised to begin using it as a biofuels crop on a large scale, Miscanthus is in its infancy as an agricultural product, Long said.

“Keep in mind that this Miscanthus is completely unimproved, so if we were to do the sorts of things that we’ve managed to do with corn, where we’ve increased its yield threefold over the last 50 years, then it’s not unreal to think that we could use even less than 10 percent of the available agricultural land,” Long said. “And if you can actually grow it on non-cropland that would be even better.”

Editor’s notes: A PDF of the journal article is available online.

To reach Stephen P. Long, call 217-333-2487; e-mail: slong@illinois.edu.


Rock Port, Missouri, First 100 Percent Wind-powered Community In
U.S.
Rock Port Missouri, with a population of just over 1,300 residents, has announced that it is the first 100% wind powered community in the United States. Four wind turbines supply all the electricity for the small town.
Rock Port’s 100% wind power status is due to four wind turbines located on agricultural lands within the city limits of Rock Port (Atchison County). The city of Rock Port uses approximately 13 million kilowatt hours of electricity each year. It is predicted that these four turbines will produce 16 million kilowatt hours each year.
Excess wind generated electricity not used by Rock Port homes and businesses is expected to be move onto the transmission lines to be purchased by the Missouri Joint Municipal Utilities for use in other areas.
University of Missouri Extension specialists say that there are excellent opportunities for sustainable wind power in northwest Missouri.
There are currently 24 wind turbines in Atchison County, 24 in Nodaway County and 27 in Gentry County. MU Extension specialists say the wind farms will bring in more than $1.1 million annually in county real estate taxes, to be paid by Wind Capital Group, a wind energy developer based in St. Louis.
"This is a unique situation because in rural areas it is quite uncommon to have this increase in taxation revenues," said Jerry Baker, MU Extension community development specialist.
The alternative-energy source also benefits landowners, who can make anywhere from $3,000 to $5,000 leasing part of their property for wind turbines.
Other wind energy companies are looking at possible sites in northwest Missouri, Baker said.
A map published by the U.S. Department of Energy indicates that northwest Missouri has the state's highest concentration of wind resources and contains a number of locations potentially suitable for utility-scale wind development.
"We're farming the wind, which is something that we have up here," Crawford said. "The payback on a per-acre basis is generally quite good when compared to a lot of other crops, and it's as simple as getting a cup of coffee and watching the blades spin."
"It's a savings for the community in general, savings for the rural electric companies, and it does provide electricity service over at least a 20-year time period, which is the anticipated life of these turbines," Baker said.
Baker said the wind turbines attract visitors from all over, adding tourism revenue to the list of benefits.

Adapted from materials provided by University of Missouri Extension.

Rock Port, Missouri, First 100 Percent Wind-powered Community In U.S.


100 Ways to Save The Environment


How we can bring down the gas prices!
We need to take some intelligent, united action. The oil companies just laughed at that because they knew we wouldn't continue to
'hurt' ourselves by refusing to buy gas. It was more of an inconvenience to us than it was a problem for them. BUT, whoever thought
of this idea has come up with a plan that can really work. Please read on and join with us!  By now you're probably thinking gasoline
priced at about $2.00 is super cheap. Me too! It is currently $3.71 for regular unleaded in my town.  Now that the oil companies and the
OPEC nations have conditioned us to think that the cost of a gallon of gas is CHEAP at $1.50 - $1.75, we need to take aggressive
action to teach them that BUYERS control the marketplace not sellers. With the price of gasoline going up more each day, we consumers
 need to take action. The only way we are going to see the price of gas come down is if we hit someone in the pocketbook by not
purchasing their gas! And, we can do that WITHOUT hurting ourselves. How? Since we all rely on our cars, we can't just stop
buying gas. But we CAN have an impact on gas prices if we all act together to force a price war.  Here's the idea: For the rest of this year,
DON'T purchase ANY gasoline from the two biggest companies (which now are one), EXXON and MOBIL.  If they are not selling
any gas, they will be inclined to reduce their prices. If they reduce their prices, the other companies will have to follow suit.
But to have an impact, we need to reach literally millions of Exxon and Mobil gas buyers. It's really simple to do!
Now, don't wimp out on me at this point...
I am sending this note to 30 people. If each of us send it to at least ten more (30 x 10 = 300) ...
and those 300 send it to at least ten more (300x10 = 3,000)...and so on, by the time the message reaches the sixth group of people,
we will have reached over THREE MILLION consumers. If those three million get excited and pass this on to ten friends each, then 30 million
people will have been contacted!

Harvest The Wind
 
Windustry promotes progressive renewable energy solutions and empowers communities to develop wind energy as an environmentally sustainable, community-owned asset. Through member supported outreach, education and advocacy we work to remove the barriers to broad community ownership of wind energy.
Here's what's new at Windustry:



Community Wind Energy 2008 Conference Proceedings Now Available

Windustry’s Community Wind Energy 2008 was a national conference bringing economic development, agriculture and wind energy together to advance opportunities for locally-owned clean energy production. Over 400 attendees from 36 states, 4 provinces and 5 countries shared experiences and information to harness the growing momentum for new models, new policies and new projects.

Pipestone blade factory featured in the Star Tribune

Mon, 06/02/2008 - 12:05pm — Windustry
The Minneapolis Star Tribune ran an article today about the Suzlon blade manufacturing facility in Pipestone, MN. The whole wind energy industry in the U.S. has been feeling the stress that comes with rapid growth, and the article has a nice discussion of how these growth pressures are impacting this particular facility.

"green crude"
Start-up Sapphire Energy is promising an innovation that sounds as miraculous as a water-to-wine transformation.

On Wednesday, the company took the covers off what it calls "green crude"—a liquid fuel chemically identical to gasoline but not dependent on either a food source or agricultural land. Even better, it promises to be "carbon neutral"; even though vehicles that burn the fuel will emit carbon, creating green crude involves pulling just as much carbon dioxide out of the atmosphere as it will put back in.

http://www.forbes.com/technology/2008/05/28/alternative-fuels-biofuels-tech_sciences_cz_kad_0528fuels.html

Sapphire Energy, http://www.sapphireenergy.com/

Virent Energy Systems, http://www.virent.com/

Oilgae, http://www.oilgae.com/

SOURCES: Forbes.com, The Los Angeles Times
                             



LINKS:

http://devicedaily.com/environment/veil-solar-shade-harvests-energy-and-teaches-pupils-about-renewable-energy.html


Alternative Energy How-Tos - Wind power, micro hydro, biomass... 

Free online alternative energy projects for solar/PV, wind, hydro, geothermal and other renewable energy systems, plus backup generators.
www.knowledgehound.com/topics/altenerg.htm - 29k -

Welcome to Missouri Renewable Energy 

Welcome to Missouri Renewable Energy! Click here or on the photo to enter our website.
www.moreenergy.org/ - 2k -


 

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